Monument to Stefan Dzhevetsky

Stefan Karlovich Dzhevetsky - a scientist, designer and inventor in the field of shipbuilding, aviation and marine technology, one of the first submarine designers. He was born on July 26, 1843 in the estate of Kunk in the Podolsk province (now Gaisinsky district) 100 km from Vinnitsa in a family of noblemen of Polish origin. Stefan Karlovich Dzhevetsky invented a lot of things such as a counter for fiacres (horse-drawn carriages). In 1873, during an international exhibition in Vienna, Dzzewiecki presented his inventions: an automatic coupling device for railway cars, a speed recorder for trains, a steam engine and turbine regulator, a cruiser for fleet ships and compasses for drawing conical curves (ellipses, parabolas and hyperbolas). The Grand Duke Konstantin, who visited the exhibition, offered Dzhevetskiy the post of engineer-adviser to the Technical Committee of the Imperial Fleet, which he accepted. The attention of S. Dzhevetsky began to attract the idea of submarine. The boat, capable of approaching an enemy ship, while remaining invisible, was a formidable military weapon. He began to work in this area, designed the first single-seat submarine in Odessa, driven by a pedal system. The armament of this small boat consisted of a mine equipped with explosives, which was supposed to be attached to the hull of an enemy ship. Explosives were detonated with the help of a cable, after which the submarine could move away from the enemy ship.

In August 1878, at the Odessa raid, Dzhevetsky tested his first submarine. Based on the results of successful tests, the military department decided to show Tsar Alexander III a test of the boat on the lake in Gatchina. The king ordered the construction of 50 submarines according to the project of Dzhevetsky, which was completed.

In Victory Park there is a monument dedicated to the creator of the first submarine.